The folklore of the Circassians and Circassians originates from the Narta (Narta) epic and includes such forms as songs, fairy tales, proverbs, riddles, tongue twisters and chastooshkas.
The Nart epic as a source of folk art unites almost all the national cultures of the North Caucasus and reflects the national character of all the inhabitants of the region.
Poetic works of Adygea
The basis of many forms of folklore is poetry. The poetic works of Adygea that have come down to us are a storehouse of popular wisdom, a stimulus for wonderful deeds and an igniter of strong feelings. Circassian poetry is a reflection of the national character of almost all the peoples of the North Caucasus.
In the content of poetic works, we observe the display of the most important events, themes, life problems and manifestations of love for the motherland on the example of legends about heroes - narts. Legends about Badynoko, Uazrmes, Ashamez, Sosruko, Batarez, Tlepshe, girls Melechipkha, Kuytsuk, Shauei, Dahanago and some others have reached our days. The heroes of narts are shown as hard-working, savvy and indomitable people, fearless defenders of their homeland, sincerely and deeply loving their native places.
The typical hero of the epic is Badynoko, the bravest and stern warrior, defender of the motherland and the storm of chints — the eternal enemies of the narts. Another hero, Tlepsh, is the creator of the first blacksmith tools - ticks, hammer, sickle and anvil. The poetic symbol of happiness is the girl Dahanago, who lived on a high mountain peak. Many tried to take possession of it, but they all died, as they were more eager for power than from sincere open love. In general, a woman in the Nart epic is a teacher of heroes - heroes, a loving and caring mother, a faithful assistant and friend of the head of the family, as well as a wise adviser.
The world of songs of the Circassians and Circassians is diverse. Among them you can hear heroic - historical, lyrical and love songs, songs about labor milestones of heroes, dance, wedding and many other songs. Fortunately, these songs are preserved to the present day and are often performed at family and public holiday events.
Ritual folklore of the Circassians
The ritual folklore of the Circassians is well known. These are songs dedicated to family events, songs - conspiracies from diseases and injuries, songs - appeals to angels and patrons, funeral songs. An interesting layer of so-called labor songs, reflecting the features of the life-culture and labor of the ancestors of the Circassians. These are songs of plowmen and shepherds, songs about Kuznetsky and weaving, songs of cattle drovers and millers. In the historical Adyghe songs one can trace the episodes of the history of the region, as well as the period of the struggle of the Circassians during the conquest of the Caucasus.
Adygean tales and proverbs
Adyghe fairy tales are unique and interesting in their own way, which can be conventionally divided into fairy tales, myths, fairy tales about animals and so-called right-wing fairy tales. The animals in these fairy tales are endowed with the abilities to think, talk and in general - to live like a person. The most famous of them is the fairy tale “About a hare, a fox and a wolf”. Circassian law-educative tales have a lot: “About the son of the old Khan and about the dragon”, “Little Tram”, “Evil Woman”, “The Hunter and Leshy”, “The Hedgehog and the Bear”. All of them are about the struggle of the light forces against the dark ones and have a great moral value. The value of Circassian fairy tales also lies in the fact that in them good always triumphs over evil.
The unusual form of fairy tales, mysteries, among which are popular to this day such as "The betrothal of the girl", "The girl and the groom", "Sewing or just winding?", "Raksmeys and his mother."
Particularly colorful and capacious Circassian proverbs. They always point aptly at the traits, characters and morals of people, and often they are aphoristic and metaphorical. Judge for yourself: “Who is not noticed, he coughs,” “If you are right, you are strong,” “Better good weapons than a bad companion,” “The foot is always laughing at the rider,” “Where there are no good old people, there are no good youth ".
The folklore heritage of the ancient Circassians is alive today, it is embodied in what we call the Adyg education and the Adyg culture. And the most important thing is that this culture is not forgotten, and many people remember and honor the traditions of a calm, peaceful and freedom-loving people.