The archaeological monument "Lower Dzhulat" will be included in the UNESCO list
This proposal was made by the Fund for the Preservation of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic. According to the Foundation’s employees, this monument can now be included in the preliminary list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
According to the Advisor to the Foundation for Science, Karmov Timur, the experts have already begun to prepare a passport of this cultural heritage site and are preparing for the conduct of archaeological work.
Timur also clarified that the idea of using the monument “Nizhny Dzhulat” in the Tersky district as a large project to organize an international cultural and historical park originated from specialists a long time ago. In addition, a year ago, the practical stage of the implementation of this process has already begun. During the first stage of work, it is planned to bring all related documentation in accordance with established requirements and standards. It is also necessary to prepare a passport of this object, establish boundaries and organize an initial launching special site for carrying out work on the creation of a full-scale museum-reserve, cultural and historical park.
Among other things, according to Timur, it will also be necessary to carry out relevant archaeological work. Karmov also stressed that the monument "Lower Dzhulat" in its performance fits all standards and sections of UNESCO World Heritage sites. That is: there is a connection with historical events, there is good transport accessibility, which contributes to the inclusion of this cultural complex first in the preliminary, and as a result - in the final main list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Karma suggests that all measures taken can help preserve this monument. And this needs to be done, because at the moment, unfortunately, the problem of preserving monuments of cultural and historical heritage remains very relevant.
According to Timur, for example, in the "Nizhny Dzhulat" from other regions of the country come the so-called "black diggers", and, moreover, construction work is also being carried out there.
Timur noted that the implementation of this planned project will not be carried out without the necessary security measures - the monument will fence off and limit access to this object.
The implementation of archaeological work to preserve the monument
The first archaeological excavations at the site under discussion were carried out in the 40-60s of the last century. According to the director of the Institute of Archeology of the Caucasus, Atabiyev Biyslan, who concurrently also became a partner of the Foundation for the Preservation of the Cultural and Natural Heritage of the CBD, the creation of a cultural and historical park promotes full-scale archaeological work. These works will help specialists to lift the veil of the mysterious mystery of this cultural complex.
The director also explained that today only an insignificant component of this monument is open. And with regards to the rest of its area, which amounts to several dozens of hectares, the experts on this subject so far have only speculations ...
According to Atabiev, according to today's effective standards, in order to create a full-scale comprehensive program, it is necessary first of all to describe in detail all the existing facilities that are part of this cultural complex. “And this is not only a settlement and a citadel, but also the adjacent craft center and necropolis, as well as numerous settlements of ordinary community members,” explained Biaslan Atabiev.
Further, it is planned to carry out full-scale archaeological excavations with subsequent conservation of cultural and historical objects. First of all, this procedure is due to the fact that many of the structures identified to date created with the use of raw brick (unbaked clay). According to the expert, taking into account the climatic factor of the Republic of Kabardino-Balkaria, it is necessary to take into account that when facilities are opened without subsequent preservation of structures, all objects of cultural heritage in this territory will be doomed to their death ...
The next stage of the work to be carried out will be the establishment by the relevant specialists-archeologists of the most accurate boundaries of the archaeological excavations carried out earlier in this area.
“On Dzhulata, the largest in the Caucasus cathedral mosque with an area of almost 500 square meters was opened, but we do not know whether conservation measures were taken when excavations were taking place. If not, with repeated excavations of the same areas, it will be necessary to simultaneously protect the monument from destruction, ”said Atabiev.
Following this, it is planned to carry out a subsequent reconstruction stage, which, according to the researchers, will be a physical reconstruction of the facilities, while recreating also the bulk 3D models of the objects.
In conclusion, the archaeologist explained that this ancient historical monument is planned to be “brought into shape” in some places - with the help of reconstruction, and in some places - with the use of three-dimensional images, special holograms.
“Here, for example, it will be possible to highlight the entire city against the background of the night sky, and tourists will be able to observe this,” the archaeologist concluded.
Information about the monument
The project “International Historical and Cultural Park Dzhulat”, which, by the way, this year received the support of the Presidential Grants Foundation, primarily sets itself the task of preserving, studying and popularizing an archaeological monument of federal significance “Lower Dzhulat”. The entire complex that makes up this object contains citadels and “posad”, which are surrounded by moats and ramparts, and the settlement is also adjacent to them.
According to archaeologists, the settlement in this area appeared in the last centuries BC and continuously existed right up to the 7 century of our era.
Further, according to historians, life on “Dzhulata” was closely connected with the time of the emergence of the medieval Eurasian state “Golden Horde”. It is known that at the end of the XIII-XIV centuries, “Lower Dzhulat” was, by the way, one of the largest cities of the famous Golden Horde at that time in the entire North Caucasus. It contained: residential artisan quarters, impenetrable defensive walls, and, among other things, the largest cathedral mosque in the whole region with a minaret.
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