In the music of almost all nations and countries reflected the work and life of millions of people, music for thousands of years accompanied their lives. The Ingush traditional musical culture has developed over the centuries as part of the general Caucasian musical culture. In the last two centuries, Ingushetia developed its own characteristic intonation features, rhythm, structure of the melody of musical works, and its own original musical instruments appeared. All this led to the birth of their national musical language in the republic.
Traditional musical instruments of Ingushetia
Over time, a part of musical instruments was improved in accordance with household and social needs, being preserved for centuries, a part disappeared, but new instruments appeared. The Ingush musical instruments are absolutely similar to the Chechen ones. The most popular of them is “pandar”, plucked instrument, and a real Ingush balalaika. The second most common - "chondrk", like a violin. In some areas of the republic harmonic is common. Although rare, in Ingushetia they still use such ancient musical instruments as the self-sounded percussion game (hemanche, hemanash), in the form of a split bar and sounding like a rattle, wind instruments tsezam with a notched tongue and a “raspy” nasal sound, and a detra - longitudinal open flute from reed or wood, found mainly in shepherds.
Traditional music of Ingushetia
The legends of the Narta epic, which originated in the pre-class era, are the main source of traditional music of the republic. The oldest of these legends that has come down to us is the pagan cult of Myacel (patron of the earth, animals and man). And that music sounded in the traditional Ingush wedding ceremony. There are also numerous genres of Ingush musical folklore, including ladugu yish and laduvga asharash - original “melodies for listening” or instrumental music, as well as halkharan yish, halhara yish - dancing melodies and instrumental works accompanying actions and movements, such as dances, processions and trick riding Several vocal genres of Ingush music have reached our days. Ingush heroic-epic songs are called "Illy". This popular genre of the Ingush musical culture originated in the 15th century on the basis of the Nart epic and heroic songs. In their emergence and creative development, they absorbed the ideological and artistic experience of other genres of folklore, and in the first place - mythology.
Traditional dance culture of Ingushetia
At the time of composing the tales of the great Nartov heroes, the Ingush already had massive circular dances. Here is one of the few descriptions of Ingush dances that have come down to us, made by researchers and historians of Indgush culture: “Their dance is something special. All the spectators sitting in a circle sing, and to the sounds of some flute pipes, bagpipes or flutes, inspire the young dancers to display their power and art. At that time, everyone who wants to go out, one by one, performing all sorts of movements and somersaults. When all the dancers repeated the same tricks to the thunderous applause of the crowd, they join hands and sing and dance as they dance. Sometimes they form one big circle, which then expands, then narrows, then the dance ends with the same jumps that took place earlier. So that women are not left without such entertainment, try to find a blind musician. During the holiday, they are with him away from men and having fun, without violating the customs that forbid them to show themselves to strangers. ”
The most famous and popular Ingush dance all over the world is halkhpr, or lezginka, traditionally performed in a chokka costume. In the Ingush people, dance was given great importance at all times, and people who could dance were honored and kept in memory of them for centuries.
The Ingush love and cherish their musical folklore with all their hearts. Today, Ingush folk songs are regularly heard on radio, television and are available for download on the global Internet. Modern Ingush musical culture cannot do without the great Nart heritage, which gives inspiration and plots for numerous works of poetic, song, instrumental and vocal genres of Ingush authors.