A very talented people live in Karachay-Cherkessia
The culture of Karachay-Cherkessia has its own, nationally distinctive, specific, centuries-old certainty of the spiritual life of the people, recorded in peculiar traditions, values and institutions.
This is an impressive volume complex of components - symbols, language, traditions, as well as art forms - musical, theatrical, pedagogical. The folklore of Karachay-Cherkessia is a unique source of preserving the spiritual traditions and identity of the people of the republic. The works of this folklore, its contents make up life itself, attitude and artistic and aesthetic views of the people.
Song forms of folklore of Karachay-Cherkessia
The most voluminous heritage of the folklore of Karachay-Cherkessia has come down to us in song forms (song-majesty, spells, conspiracies of the forces of nature, etc.). At the same time, pagan deities were often replaced in these songs by deities and saints of Muslim persuasion. So, for example, in the old texts “Bismi-llahi-r-rahimani-r-ra-khim” - this “In the name of God, the merciful, the merciful” came from the Arabic language to the Karachai-Balkarian magic poetry. A noticeable feature of Karachai song folklore is the personification of mythological characters (pagan deities) into biblical characters (images of Christian saints). For example, the biblical Ilya the prophet (Elijah) embodies the features of the pagan deity of thunder and lightning in the rain call song “Chop, Chop”. Similar features were transferred to the folklore of other peoples of the North Caucasus who went through the past period of adoption of the Christian faith.
Many of the ritual songs of Karachay-Circassian folklore that have survived to our time, according to genre characteristics, we attribute to ritual. They do not have a developed system of images, and the ceremony itself and the need for its implementation become the subject of the image. Ritual songs are appeal songs and show similar signs with spell songs: they are performed on behalf of the collective, much less often - on behalf of one person, and the songs themselves are built primarily on exclamatory intonations.
An example is the song-poetic rite of causing rain. It was performed by men. The main role in this matter was assigned to a person with the abilities of a magician, and it was believed that his spell would reach heaven. The rite was held as follows: they took the horse’s skull, stood in a circle, read pagan prayers - conspiracies in turn, and then threw the skull into a whirlpool or river. According to the worldview of the pagans, after that it must have rained. The words in the plot were: “Choppa, Choppa, rain, rain. Elia, Elia, lei, lei ... "
One of the oldest forms of verbal art in Karachay-Cherkessia is hunting poetry, since hunting was an obligatory stage in the development of folklore. The deep traditions of the institute of hunting in the history of Karachay-Cherkessia are confirmed by numerous archaeological, ethnographic, folklore and linguistic sources. In folklore, hunting was one of the most replicated themes of collective labor, because hunting played a crucial role in life as one of the main sources of food.
The folklore of Karachaevo-Cherkessia as a whole has the features introduced and transferred to the neighboring peoples: connection with the cults of the water element, personifying fertility; the similarity of the ritual-timed context; the presence of attributes (stuffed animals, dolls), personifying mythological characters; assignment of an important place to song performance, as well as the similarity of forms of singing songs.
Today folklore musical instrumental and song works cause real delight and lively interest. Each performance of amateur and professional creative teams convinces: there are talented people in Karachay-Cherkessia. Their participants are, as a rule, people of all ages: from children to the elderly. Among them are skilled craftsmen, amazing musicians, singers and dancers.
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